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Glossary of Terms

A

Acute

Used to describe an intense level of pain.

Anorectal

Relating to the anus and rectum.

B

Benign

Something that is not harmful, such as a lump or mass of tissue.

C

Chemotherapy

The use of chemical substances to treat cancer and other diseases.

Colonoscopy

A medical procedure that allows the specialist to visually examine the bowel for diagnosis of bowel conditions.

Colorectal

Relating to the colon and rectum.

E

Endometriosis

A painful condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside the uterus potentially affecting a woman's fertility and menstrual cycle.

F

FODMAP

A collection of molecules found in food that are poorly absorbed by some people potentially leading to IBS.

G

Gastroenterology

The specialist branch of medicine relating to the stomach and intestines.

GP

A general practitioner who refers patients to a specialist.

H

Haemorrhoids

Inflamed or swollen veins in the anus or rectum that can cause pain, discomfort and bleeding.

I

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder of the intestine that causes stomach pain, bloating, cramps and irregular bowel movements.

L

Laparoscopy

An operation in the pelvis or abdomen performed through small incisions with the use of a camera.

O

Oncology

The treatment, study and subject field relating to tumours.

P

Polyps

Abnormal tissue growths commonly found in the colon.

Private hospital

A privately-owned healthcare institution. 

Public hospital

A government-owned healthcare institution.

R

Radiotherapy

The use of radiation to treat cancer and Treatment of illness (usually cancer) using radiation such as X-rays.

Rubber Band Ligation

A procedure used in the treatment of haemorrhoids where a rubber band is secured to the base of the haemorrhoid to stop the blood supply.

S

Stoma

An artificial opening made by a surgeon on the wall of the abdomen.  A stoma bag may be fitted to collect waste.