What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Colitis literally means 'inflammation of the colon'. Ulcerative colitis is classed as a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which can affect the entire colon, although sometimes only affects a small section of the colon. It often appears in the section of colon attached to the anus (the rectum) and it may spread from here.
What are the symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative colitis is often accompanied by one or more of the following symptoms:
- Bleeding from the rectum / anus.
- Bowel movement urgency.
- Discharge of mucous.
How is Ulcerative Colitis treated?
Generally, a colonoscopy is required to examine the colon, during which tissue samples are taken from the affected part of the colon. Analysis of these samples will determine if ulcerative colitis is present.
Ulcerative colitis can generally be managed using medication taken orally or via enema. In more cases surgery can help.