What are haemorrhoids?
The term haemorrhoids describes when blood vessels in the rectum or the upper anal canal become unnaturally enlarged.
What are the symptoms of haemorrhoids?
Symptoms of haemorrhoids can vary. They can include...
- Anal pain
- Anal bleeding
- Skin tags in/around the anus
- Areas of stretched skin around the anus
- Thrombosed perianal haematoma - a painful lump on the outside of the anus, generally caused by a blood clot
- Prolapse (this is where the haemorrhoids protrude from the anus)
In some cases, haemorrhoids can form without causing any symptoms at all.
What causes haemorrhoids?
Medical science does not have a clear understanding of what causes haemorrhoids to form, however they are linked to continual straining when having bowel motions and may be connected to sitting on the toilet for long periods of time. Women are more prone to developing haemorrhoids, especially when pregnant and after giving birth.
How are haemorrhoids treated?
There are a range of surgical haemorrhoid treatment options.