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Crohn's Disease

What is Crohn's Disease?

Crohn's Disease is a debilitating condition that can affect a person at any age, although it generally presents for the first time in younger people.

The primary hallmark of Crohn's Disease is inflammation of the digestive tract and, although it can affect any section (from the mouth to the anus), in most cases it affects the large intestine (the colon or large bowel) and the final section of the small intestine, called the terminal ileum.

What are the symptoms of Crohn's Disease?

The following symptoms are common in people with Crohn's Disease:

  • Diarrhoea.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Otherwise unexplained loss of weight.

As Crohn's Disease can impact any section of the digestive tract, other symptoms are related specifically to the affected section, such as:

Lower tract symptoms

  • Anal pain.
  • Anal discharge.
  • Anal / rectal bleeding.

Upper tract symptoms

  • Ulcers in the mouth.
  • Vomiting.
  • Nausea.

How is Crohn's Disease diagnosed?

If Crohn's Disease is suspected, a colonoscopy and / or a CT scan of the abdomen will be recommended. Where Crohn's Disease is diagnosed, specific medication can be prescribed. Unfortunately, there is no 'cure' as such for the condition, but with the right medication and dietary changes, the condition can be treated and managed.

Some people with Crohn's Disease may need to undergo surgery in order to treat some of the complications connected to Crohn's Disease.